The botter, a type of fishing boat developed in Holland
The botter is a type of flat-bottomed fishing vessel that was developed in Holland. Most of the towns in Holland had their own types of ships that had emerged over a long time.
The fishing vessels of the Zuiderzee had to be seaworthy. Often they had to stay at sea for several days. One of the most popular boats was the botter that had been adapted to the Zuiderzee conditions. There were south coast botters and west coast botters. The south coast botters were smaller and had Huizen, Harderwijk and Elburg as home ports. The west coast botters were larger. They were mostly in Hoorn, Marken and Volendam, as the western Zuiderzee is deeper than the eastern part.
The history and construction details are given in the book of J. Van Beylen, De botter, Geschiedenis en bouwbeschrijving van een Nederlands vissersschip, De Boer Maritiem, Weesp, Nederland, 1985, ISBN 90 228 18713.
The botter model,
photos, description and dimensions
The model was built to a plan of K. de Haas of 1889, taken from the plan collection of the Maritime Museum in Amsterdam. The plan was published in the book of J. van Beylen 1985 (see above). The boat was built like a real ship, including the interior timberwork, as can be seen on some photos of the building process. The starboard side is fully planked, on port side some planks and the copper lining of the fish hold have been left out. One can have a look into the interior of the ship.
This model of a botter is a very
fine piece of work, a true master piece. It was built by Jan van den
Heuvel, Philippine (Terneuzen), Netherlands, with great care of details,
e.g. all the blocks have sheaves.
The ship model is 1 : 20 scale. Length is 97 cm, width 24 cm, height 85 cm. The ship can be taken out of the stand, e.g. for transport.
There are more pictures, several views of the entire ship model taken from all directions, and several closer views of hull, deck and rigging.