The description of a galley by Joseph Furttenbach
Joseph Furttenbach (1591 - 1667) stayed for twelve years in Italy (1607/8 - 1620), mainly in Milan, Genoa and Florence. During that time he was educated as merchant by relatives there. But he also studied architecture, garden design, engineering, military architecture and grew an interest in theatre and stage design. In 1620 he returned to Ulm, engaged in communal services and worked as architect and engineer. Later on he became alderman and soon was one of the most important personalities of Ulm.
In several works he tried to describe and illustrate the technical and architectural knowledge of his time. One of his works is a detailed description of building a 16th century war galley (called FULMEN IN HOSTES = fire to the enemies) and a description of the battle of Lepanto 1571: Joseph Furttenbach, Architectura Navalis. Das ist: Von dem Schiff-Gebäw / Auff dem Meer und Seekusten zu gebrauchen ..., Ulm 1629. A digitized version is available from the Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Sachsen-Anhalt, Uni Halle, VD 17 23:270292U. Two of the drawings of this version are shown below, pages 38 and 39 and 127 and 128.
The Furttenbach galley model, photos, description and dimensions
The model was built to plans by Werner Zimmermann (Werner Zimmermann, Wolfram zu Mondfeld, Die Furttenbach-Galeere Fulmen in Hostes, Koehler Verlagsgesellschaft, Herford 1985, ISBN 3-7822-0361-5). The modeler, Claus Haubitz, wrote an article about it in Das Logbuch, Zeitschrift für Schiffbaugeschichte und Schiffsmodellbau, Arbeitskreis historischer Schiffbau e.V.: Claus Haubitz, Fulmen in Hostes, die Furttenbach-Galeere, Das Logbuch 34, Heft 4, S. 174 (1998).
The galley model is 1 : 50 scale. Length is 94 cm, width 42 cm (oars included), height 63 cm. The stern is much decorated, as it is with the replica of the galley REAL, the flagship of Don Juan de Austria in the battle of Lepanto. Two photos of the REAL that I took on visiting the museum in Barcelona are shown below.
The model is a very beautiful, detailed piece of work. The oars are loosely laid on deck and have to be taken out when carrying the model more than a few meters.
The model's stand is made from ebony. It can be taken out of the stand, e.g. for transport.
Below are two drawings of the book of Furttenbach of 1629, that were taken from the digitized version of ULB Sachsen-Anhalt (Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Sachsen-Anhalt, Uni Halle, Digitization on demand, Joseph Furttenbach "Architectura Navalis. Das ist: Von dem Schiff-Gebäw" Ulm, 1629, VD17 23:270292U)
Page 127 and 128
Here are two photos of the replica of the galley REAL,
the flagship of Don Juan de Austria in the battle of Lepanto in 1571.